Chemical formula: C4 H10 O3
Density: 1.118 g/cm3
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Diethylene Glycol (DEG)
Trade name of the product: diethylene glycol (DEG)
Chemical name of the compound: 2.2’-oxydiethanol
Synonyms: 2.2’-oxydiethanol; bis(2-hydroxyethyl) ether; diglycol; 2-hydroxyethyl ether; 2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethanol; 2-(2-hydroxy-ethoxy)-ethanol; 2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-ethanol; 2,2’-dihydroxyethylether; 2,2’-oxybis-ethanol; 2,2’-oxydi-ethanol; 2,2’-oxyethanol; 2,2-di(hydroxyethyl) ether
Chemical and physical properties:
clear, colorless and odorless liquid with a slightly sweetish taste, hygroscopic, with a low volatileness. It is an excellent solvent for water-insoluble chemical compounds and drugs.
Used among others to produce unsaturated polyester resins, thermoplastic polyurethanes and plastifiers, as an additive in producing glass and cement, furniture, shoe polishes, printing inks, plaster boards, emulsifiers and anti-freezes, beauty products, lubricants, brake fluids, wallpaper removers and as an agent heating up or cooling down the fuel.
If swallowed, it can cause: sleepiness, alimentary tract disorders and muscle weakness. If consumed in big quantities, it can cause the degeneration of the kidneys and the liver, and death. The liquid can cause a slight irritation of the skin. High concentrations can cause a slight irritation of the air passages.
More information is available in the product data sheet, available at this address.